Timeframe vs intensity of personal finance goals

How The Timeframe of Your Personal Finance Goal Makes A Big Difference

So you’ve cranked out your budget, made some easy savings and upped your Personal Profit.

Good work!

Now, as long as you’re able to stick to your new budget, you’ve just been given a superpower. The power to see into the future.

If you know that your personal profit is at the £500 per month level as a result of your budget, you can reliably estimate the amount of time it will take you to reach your goal.

So if your goal is to save a £12,000 house deposit, you know you will reach it in exactly 2 years’ time. However, this is where your level of intensity comes into play.

It is normally a trade-off between time and intensity when it comes to your personal finance goals. With an inverted relationship, a longer timeframe means less intensity is required.

If you’re happy with reaching your deposit goal in 3 years, then you can afford to go easy on your budget and only need a personal profit of £333 per month.

However, if you want to do it in one year and go hell for leather, you’ll need to make the painful cuts necessary to boost your monthly personal profit to £1,000.

At that rate, it will only take 12 months to reach your goal, but you’ll have to attack the goal with a level of intensity that will likely mean trade-offs elsewhere.

This is why the timeframe of your goal matters and why it will influence how aggressively you attack your goals.

There are many in the personal finance community who are pursuing a goal of reaching financial independence (FIRE, or “financial independence, retire early”). Briefly to the uninitiated, this is when you have a large enough investment portfolio that your expenses are covered by the returns indefinitely and you no longer need to work.

Some are pursuing this extremely aggressively, in less than 5 years. Some are more moderately pursuing it over a longer timeframe (i.e aiming to achieve it by 40 or 50 rather than 30).

This makes a big difference in the scale and intensity of your endeavours.

If you’re trying to hit it in 5 years, you’ll likely go through the back catalogue of painful savings with fervour and radically change your lifestyle, safe in the knowledge that you are working towards your goal at pace.

See related: how to save for a house deposit in a year (how I saved over £20k in 12 months)

Why is this important?

When setting your financial goals, you should aim to set them SMART. Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Timebound.

Based on your personal profit figure, you’ll be able to set a realistic goal based on what it tells you. If the timeframe is not quick enough, then you know you’ll need to get more intense with your budget in order to cut the timeframe.

Compounding

There is a huge factor that favours goals over a longer timeframe; compounding.

Compounding is when you earn interest on interest, and as a result this compounds over time to grow at a faster and faster rate.

The key ingredient for compounding to take affect is time, and so any longer term goals have the benefit of having more time behind them to allow compounding to take affect.

This is normally more relevant for big, audacious goals like early retirement (5-10+ years), as you won’t feel the benefit for smaller goals which have a timeframe of less than 5 years.

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